LPL Financial Holdings Inc.
LPL Financial Holdings Inc. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 07/31/2013 16:25:43)


UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2013
or
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to
Commission File Number: 001-34963
LPL Financial Holdings Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
20-3717839
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification No.)

75 State Street, Boston, MA 02109
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(617) 423-3644
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x Yes      o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). x Yes      o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). o Yes      x No
The number of shares of Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding as of July 17, 2013 was 105,018,375 .




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Item Number
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




i



WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information required by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). You may read and copy any document we file with the SEC at the SEC’s public reference room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549, U.S.A. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the public reference room. Our SEC filings are also available to the public from the SEC’s internet site at http://www.sec.gov .

On our internet site, http://www.lpl.com , we post the following filings as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC: our annual reports on Form 10-K, our proxy statements, our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, our current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Hard copies of all such filings are available free of charge by request via email ( investor.relations@lpl.com ), telephone (617) 897-4574, or mail (LPL Financial Investor Relations at 75 State Street, 24th Floor, Boston, MA 02109). The information contained or incorporated on our website is not a part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

When we use the terms “LPLFH” “we” “us” “our” the “firm” and the "Company," we mean LPL Financial Holdings Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries, taken as a whole, unless the context otherwise indicates.

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Statements in Item 2 - “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and other sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q regarding the Company's future financial and operating results, growth, business strategy, plans, liquidity, ability and plans to repurchase shares and pay dividends in the future, including statements regarding projected costs, projected savings, projected expenses and anticipated improvements to the Company's operating model, services, and technology as a result of the Service Value Commitment, as well as any other statements that are not related to present facts or current conditions or that are not purely historical, constitute forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are based on the Company's historical performance and its plans, estimates and expectations as of July 31, 2013 . The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “plans,” “predicts,” “will” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees that the future results, plans, intentions or expectations expressed or implied by the Company will be achieved.  Matters subject to forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, including economic, legislative, regulatory, competitive and other factors, which may cause actual financial or operating results, levels of activity, or the timing of events, to be materially different than those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements.  Important factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include: changes in general economic and financial market conditions, including retail investor sentiment; fluctuations in the value of assets under custody; effects of competition in the financial services industry; changes in the number of the Company's financial advisors and institutions, and their ability to market effectively financial products and services; changes in interest rates and fees payable by banks participating in the Company's cash sweep program, including the Company's success in negotiating agreements with current or additional counterparties; the Company's success in integrating the operations of acquired businesses; execution of the Company's plans related to the Service Value Commitment, including the Company's ability to successfully transform and transition business processes to third party service providers; the Company's success in negotiating and developing commercial arrangements with third party service providers that will enable the Company to realize the service improvements and efficiencies expected to result from the Service Value Commitment; the performance of third party service providers to which business processes are transitioned from the Company; the Company's ability to control operating risks, information technology systems risks and sourcing risks; the effect of current, pending and future legislation, regulation and regulatory actions, including disciplinary actions imposed by self-regulatory organizations; and the other factors set forth in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in the Company's 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Except as required by law, the Company specifically disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements as a result of developments occurring after the date of this quarterly report, even if its estimates change, and you should not rely on statements contained herein as representing the Company's views as of any date subsequent to the date of this quarterly report.

ii


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
  
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
REVENUES:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commission
 
$
508,399

 
$
447,243

 
$
993,971

 
$
910,896

Advisory
 
298,094

 
268,192

 
579,320

 
519,173

Asset-based
 
107,505

 
102,784

 
211,271

 
200,025

Transaction and other
 
88,631

 
78,894

 
178,009

 
153,466

Interest income, net of interest expense
 
4,426

 
4,800

 
8,834

 
9,510

Other
 
11,865

 
5,930

 
22,311

 
16,546

Total net revenues
 
1,018,920

 
907,843

 
1,993,716

 
1,809,616

EXPENSES:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Commission and advisory
 
701,687

 
620,582

 
1,361,240

 
1,237,974

Compensation and benefits
 
98,227

 
93,034

 
197,007

 
182,046

Promotional
 
24,804

 
26,122

 
48,469

 
42,953

Depreciation and amortization
 
20,245

 
17,412

 
40,019

 
34,587

Occupancy and equipment
 
16,283

 
14,007

 
33,081

 
28,504

Professional services
 
14,123

 
18,199

 
28,633

 
31,320

Brokerage, clearing and exchange
 
11,428

 
9,554

 
21,598

 
19,069

Communications and data processing
 
10,892

 
9,797

 
20,384

 
18,696

Regulatory fees and other
 
7,686

 
6,891

 
15,105

 
14,437

Restructuring charges
 
7,332

 
2,057

 
13,369

 
3,751

Other
 
10,682

 
9,441

 
16,569

 
16,113

Total operating expenses
 
923,389

 
827,096

 
1,795,474

 
1,629,450

Non-operating interest expense
 
12,667

 
13,439

 
24,827

 
29,471

Loss on extinguishment of debt
 
7,962

 

 
7,962

 
16,524

Total expenses
 
944,018

 
840,535

 
1,828,263

 
1,675,445

INCOME BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES
 
74,902

 
67,308

 
165,453

 
134,171

PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES
 
29,811

 
27,806

 
65,645

 
53,490

NET INCOME
 
$
45,091

 
$
39,502

 
$
99,808

 
$
80,681

EARNINGS PER SHARE (Note 11):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Basic
 
$
0.42

 
$
0.36

 
$
0.94

 
$
0.73

Diluted
 
$
0.42

 
$
0.35

 
$
0.93

 
$
0.72

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

1



LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)


 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
NET INCOME
 
$
45,091

 
$
39,502

 
$
99,808

 
$
80,681

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustment for items reclassified to earnings, net of tax expense of $273 and $527 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively
 

 
441

 

 
850

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax
 

 
441

 

 
850

TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
$
45,091

 
$
39,943

 
$
99,808

 
$
81,531


See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


2



LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except par value)

 
 
 
June 30,
2013
 
December 31, 2012
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
584,871

 
$
466,261

Cash and securities segregated under federal and other regulations
 
440,118

 
577,433

Receivables from:
 
 
 
 
Clients, net of allowance of $521 at June 30, 2013 and $587 at December 31, 2012
 
306,164

 
369,814

Product sponsors, broker-dealers and clearing organizations
 
170,061

 
152,950

Others, net of allowance of $5,979 at June 30, 2013 and $6,675 at December 31, 2012
 
248,143

 
241,324

Securities owned:
 
 

 
 

Trading — at fair value
 
9,049

 
8,088

Held-to-maturity
 
8,669

 
10,202

Securities borrowed
 
7,556

 
9,448

Income taxes receivable
 

 
5,215

Fixed assets, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $281,832 at June 30, 2013 and $324,684 at December 31, 2012
 
138,881

 
130,847

Debt issuance costs, net of accumulated amortization of $5,604 at June 30, 2013 and $4,903 at December 31, 2012
 
18,427

 
21,254

Goodwill
 
1,371,523

 
1,371,523

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $246,823 at June 30, 2013 and $237,681 at December 31, 2012
 
483,984

 
503,528

Other assets
 
136,188

 
120,637

Total assets
 
$
3,923,634

 
$
3,988,524

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
LIABILITIES:
Drafts payable
 
$
155,513

 
$
203,132

Payables to clients
 
487,798

 
749,505

Payables to broker-dealers and clearing organizations
 
23,384

 
53,031

Accrued commission and advisory expenses payable
 
130,395

 
128,459

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
224,211

 
216,138

Income taxes payable
 
2,928

 

Unearned revenue
 
65,500

 
61,808

Securities sold, but not yet purchased — at fair value
 
232

 
366

Senior secured credit facilities
 
1,540,515

 
1,317,825

Deferred income taxes — net
 
106,658

 
118,240

Total liabilities
 
2,737,134

 
2,848,504

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
 
 

 
 

Common stock, $.001 par value; 600,000,000 shares authorized; 116,513,596  shares issued at June 30, 2013 and 115,713,741 shares issued at December 31, 2012
 
116

 
116

Additional paid-in capital
 
1,260,977

 
1,228,075

Treasury stock, at cost —  10,994,785 shares at June 30, 2013 and 9,421,800 shares at December 31, 2012
 
(345,388
)
 
(287,998
)
Retained earnings
 
270,795

 
199,827

Total stockholders’ equity
 
1,186,500

 
1,140,020

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
3,923,634

 
$
3,988,524

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands)


 
 
 
 
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
 
Common Stock
 
 
Treasury Stock
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
BALANCE — December 31, 2011
110,532

 
$
110

 
$
1,137,723

 
2,618

 
$
(89,037
)
 
$
(850
)
 
$
296,802

 
$
1,344,748

Net income and other comprehensive income, net of tax expense
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
850

 
80,681

 
81,531

Issuance of common stock to settle restricted stock units
2,823

 
3

 
(3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Treasury stock purchases
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,705

 
(55,894
)
 
 
 
 
 
(55,894
)
Cash dividends on common stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(222,557
)
 
(222,557
)
Stock option exercises and other
1,952

 
2

 
11,097

 


 


 
 
 


 
11,099

Share-based compensation
22

 
 
 
12,072

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12,072

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
 
 
 
 
48,404

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
48,404

BALANCE — June 30, 2012
115,329

 
$
115

 
$
1,209,293

 
4,323

 
$
(144,931
)
 
$

 
$
154,926

 
$
1,219,403

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BALANCE — December 31, 2012
115,714

 
$
116

 
$
1,228,075

 
9,422

 
$
(287,998
)
 
$

 
$
199,827

 
$
1,140,020

Net income and other comprehensive income, net of tax expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 
99,808

 
99,808

Treasury stock purchases
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,584

 
(57,770
)
 
 
 
 
 
(57,770
)
Cash dividends on common stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(28,763
)
 
(28,763
)
Stock option exercises and other
800

 


 
17,996

 
(11
)
 
380

 
 
 
(77
)
 
18,299

Share-based compensation


 
 
 
12,693

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12,693

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
 
 
 
 
2,213

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,213

BALANCE — June 30, 2013
116,514

 
$
116

 
$
1,260,977

 
10,995

 
$
(345,388
)
 
$

 
$
270,795

 
$
1,186,500

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)

 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
99,808

 
$
80,681

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Noncash items:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
40,019

 
34,587

Amortization of debt issuance costs
 
2,219

 
2,349

Share-based compensation
 
12,693

 
12,072

Excess tax benefits related to share-based compensation
 
(2,213
)
 
(48,404
)
Provision for bad debts
 
575

 
488

Deferred income tax provision
 
(11,582
)
 
(6,241
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
 
7,962

 
16,524

Net changes in estimated fair value of contingent consideration obligations
 
1,203

 
709

Other
 
1,252

 
1,519

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Cash and securities segregated under federal and other regulations
 
137,315

 
60,968

Receivables from clients
 
63,716

 
8,405

Receivables from product sponsors, broker-dealers and clearing organizations
 
(17,111
)
 
11,844

Receivables from others
 
(8,127
)
 
(10,806
)
Securities owned
 
(1,089
)
 
(574
)
Securities borrowed
 
1,892

 
(2,238
)
Other assets
 
(12,101
)
 
(41,215
)
Drafts payable
 
(47,619
)
 
(37,645
)
Payables to clients
 
(261,707
)
 
(51,859
)
Payables to broker-dealers and clearing organizations
 
(29,647
)
 
898

Accrued commission and advisory expenses payable
 
1,936

 
(11,747
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
2,348

 
(3,874
)
Income taxes receivable/payable
 
10,356

 
40,592

Unearned revenue
 
3,692

 
(759
)
Securities sold, but not yet purchased
 
(134
)
 
(161
)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
 
$
(4,344
)
 
$
56,113

 
 
 
 
 
Continued on following page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

5



LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Continued
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)


 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
$
(32,161
)
 
$
(18,793
)
Purchase of securities classified as held-to-maturity
 
(2,495
)
 
(2,015
)
Proceeds from maturity of securities classified as held-to-maturity
 
4,000

 
3,000

Deposits of restricted cash
 
(1,500
)
 
(9,964
)
Release of restricted cash
 

 
6,800

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
 

 
(38,766
)
Purchases of minority interest investments
 
(1,000
)
 

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(33,156
)
 
(59,738
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Repayment of senior secured credit facilities
 
(861,160
)
 
(1,343,393
)
Proceeds from senior secured credit facilities
 
1,078,957

 
1,330,681

Payment of debt issuance costs
 
(2,461
)
 
(4,431
)
Repurchase of common stock
 
(50,975
)
 
(55,894
)
Dividends on common stock
 
(28,763
)
 
(222,557
)
Excess tax benefits related to share-based compensation
 
2,213

 
48,404

Proceeds from stock option exercises and other
 
18,299

 
11,099

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
 
156,110

 
(236,091
)
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
118,610

 
(239,716
)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS — Beginning of period
 
466,261

 
720,772

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS — End of period
 
$
584,871

 
$
481,056

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
 
 
 
 
Interest paid
 
$
24,779

 
$
29,570

Income taxes paid
 
$
66,466

 
$
17,765

NONCASH DISCLOSURES:
 
 
 
 
Fixed assets acquired under build-to-suit lease
 
$

 
$
5,599

Gain on interest rate swaps, net of tax expense
 
$

 
$
850

Discount on proceeds from senior secured credit facilities recorded as debt issuance costs
 
$
4,893

 
$
19,319

Pending settlement of treasury stock purchases
 
$
6,795

 
$

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.




6


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)



1.    Organization and Description of the Company

LPL Financial Holdings Inc. (“LPLFH”), a Delaware holding corporation, together with its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) provides an integrated platform of brokerage and investment advisory services to independent financial advisors and financial advisors at financial institutions (collectively “advisors”) in the United States of America. Through its custody and clearing platform, using both proprietary and third-party technology, the Company provides access to diversified financial products and services enabling its advisors to offer independent financial advice and brokerage services to retail investors (their “clients”).

2 .    Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation Quarterly Reporting — The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. These adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. The Company’s results for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year or any other interim period. Certain reclassifications were made to previously reported amounts in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto to make them consistent with the current period presentation.
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all information and notes necessary for a complete presentation of financial position, results of income, comprehensive income and cash flows in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Accordingly, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes for the year ended December 31, 2012 , contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC. The Company has evaluated subsequent events up to and including the date these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were issued.
Consolidation — These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of LPLFH and its subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. Equity investments in which the Company exercises significant influence but does not exercise control and is not the primary beneficiary are accounted for using the equity method.
Comprehensive Income — The Company presents its unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income separately and immediately following its unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. The Company’s comprehensive income is composed of net income and the effective portion of the gains on financial derivatives in cash flow hedge relationships, net of related tax effects.
Use of Estimates — The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenue and expenses and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, the Company evaluates estimates, including those related to revenue and related expense recognition, asset impairment, valuation of accounts receivable, valuation of financial instruments, contingent consideration obligations, contingencies and litigation, valuation and recognition of share-based payments, dividends and income taxes. These accounting policies are stated in the notes to the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2012 , contained in the Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC. These estimates are based on the information that is currently available and on various other assumptions that the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could vary from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions and the differences may be material to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Reportable Segment — The Company’s internal reporting is organized into three service channels; Independent Advisor Services, Institution Services and Custom Clearing Services. These service channels qualify as individual operating segments, but are aggregated and viewed as one single reportable segment due to their similar economic characteristics, products and services, production and distribution process, regulatory environment and quantitative thresholds.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments — The Company’s financial assets and liabilities are carried at fair value or at amounts that, because of their short-term nature, approximate current fair value, with the exception of its

7


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


indebtedness. The Company carries its indebtedness at amortized cost. The Company measures the implied fair value of its debt instruments using trading levels obtained from a third-party service provider. Accordingly, the debt instruments would qualify as Level 2 fair value measurements. See Note 4 for additional detail regarding the Company’s fair value measurements. As of June 30, 2013 , the carrying amount and fair value of the Company’s indebtedness was approximately $1,540.5 million and $1,534.2 million , respectively. As of December 31, 2012 , the carrying amount and fair value was approximately $1,317.8 million and $1,320.4 million , respectively.
Contingent Consideration — The Company may be required to pay future consideration to the former shareholders of acquired companies, depending upon the terms of the applicable purchase agreement, that is contingent upon the achievement of certain financial or operating targets. The fair value of the contingent consideration is determined using financial forecasts and other estimates, which assess the probability and timing of the financial targets being reached, and measuring the associated cash payments at their present value using a risk-adjusted rate of return. The estimated fair value of the contingent consideration on the acquisition date is included in the purchase price of the acquired company. At each reporting date, or whenever there are significant changes in underlying key assumptions, a review of these assumptions is performed and the contingent consideration liability is updated to its estimated fair value. If there are no significant changes in the assumptions, the quarterly determination of the fair value of contingent consideration reflects the implied interest for the passage of time. Changes in the estimated fair value of the contingent consideration obligations may result from changes in the terms of the contingent payments, changes in discount periods and rates, changes in assumptions with respect to the timing and likelihood of achieving the applicable targets and other related developments. Actual progress toward achieving the financial targets for the remaining measurement periods may be different than the Company's expectations of future performance. The change in the estimated fair value of contingent consideration has been classified as other expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements —  There were no recently issued accounting pronouncements or changes in accounting pronouncements during the six months ended June 30, 2013 , as compared to the recent accounting pronouncements described in the Company's 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K, that are of significance, or potential significance, to the Company.

3 .    Restructuring
Service Value Commitment
On February 5, 2013, the Company committed to an expansion of its Service Value Commitment, an ongoing effort to position the Company for sustainable long-term growth by improving the service experience of its advisors and delivering efficiencies in its operating model. The Company has assessed its information technology delivery, governance, organization and strategy and committed to undertake a course of action (the “Program”) to reposition its labor force and invest in technology, human capital, marketing and other key areas to enable future growth. The Program is expected to be completed in 2015.
The Company estimates total charges in connection with the Program to be approximately $65.0 million . These expenditures are comprised of outsourcing and other related costs, technology transformation costs, employee severance obligations and other related costs and non-cash charges for impairment of certain fixed assets related to internally developed software.

8


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The following table summarizes the balance of accrued expenses and the changes in the accrued amounts for the Program as of and for the six months ended June 30, 2013 (in thousands):
 
Accrued
Balance at
December 31,
2012

 
Costs
Incurred(1)
 
Payments
 
Non-cash
 
Accrued Balance at June 30, 2013
 
Total
Expected
Restructuring
Costs(2)
Outsourcing and other related costs
$

 
$
6,495

 
$
(5,786
)
 
$

 
$
709

 
$
26,000

Technology transformation costs

 
3,200

 
(2,946
)
 

 
254

 
23,000

Employee severance obligations and other related costs

 
1,555

 
(787
)
 

 
768

 
15,000

Asset impairments (Note 4)

 
842

 

 
(842
)
 

 
1,000

Total
$

 
$
12,092

 
$
(9,519
)
 
$
(842
)
 
$
1,731

 
$
65,000

________________________________
(1)
At June 30, 2013 , costs incurred represent the total cumulative costs incurred under the Program to date.
(2)
At June 30, 2013 , total expected restructuring costs exclude approximately $25.0 million of internally developed software and computer and networking equipment related to the Program that is expected to be capitalized with a useful life ranging from three to seven years, and with expense being recorded as depreciation and amortization within the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. As of June 30, 2013 , approximately $11.4 million has been spent on technology infrastructure of which approximately $8.2 million has been capitalized, with the remainder included in costs incurred.

4 .    Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Inputs used to measure fair value are prioritized within a three-level fair value hierarchy. This hierarchy requires entities to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:
Level 1  — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2  — Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3  — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.
There have been no transfers of assets or liabilities between fair value measurement classifications during the six months ended June 30, 2013 .
The Company’s fair value measurements are evaluated within the fair value hierarchy, based on the nature of inputs used to determine the fair value at the measurement date. At June 30, 2013 , the Company had the following financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
Cash Equivalents  — The Company’s cash equivalents include money market funds, which are short term in nature with readily determinable values derived from active markets.
Securities Owned and Securities Sold, But Not Yet Purchased  — The Company ' s trading securities consist of house account model portfolios for the purpose of benchmarking the performance of its fee based advisory platforms and temporary positions resulting from the processing of client transactions. Examples of these securities include money market funds, U.S. treasury obligations, mutual funds, certificates of deposit and traded equity and debt securities.
The Company uses prices obtained from independent third-party pricing services to measure the fair value of its trading securities. Prices received from the pricing services are validated using various methods including comparison to prices received from additional pricing services, comparison to available quoted market prices and review of other relevant market data including implied yields of major categories of securities. In general, these

9


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


quoted prices are derived from active markets for identical assets or liabilities. When quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities are not available, the quoted prices are based on similar assets and liabilities or inputs other than the quoted prices that are observable, either directly or indirectly. For certificates of deposit and treasury securities, the Company utilizes market-based inputs including observable market interest rates that correspond to the remaining maturities or the next interest reset dates. At June 30, 2013 , the Company did not adjust prices received from the independent third-party pricing services.
Other Assets  — The Company’s other assets include deferred compensation plan assets that are invested in money market and other mutual funds which are actively traded and valued based on quoted market prices, and certain non-traded real estate investment trusts with quoted prices for identical or similar securities and other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Contingent Consideration Liabilities — The contingent consideration liabilities, which are included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of financial condition, result from the Company's acquisitions of National Retirement Partners, Inc. ("NRP"), Concord Capital Partners ("Concord") and Veritat Advisors, Inc. ("Veritat").
The following table summarizes the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2013 (in thousands):
 
Quoted
Prices in
Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Fair Value
Measurements
At June 30, 2013:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
333,495

 
$

 
$

 
$
333,495

Securities owned — trading:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
409

 

 

 
409

Mutual funds
6,229

 

 

 
6,229

Equity securities
118

 

 

 
118

Debt securities

 
787

 

 
787

U.S. treasury obligations
1,506

 

 

 
1,506

Total securities owned — trading
8,262

 
787

 

 
9,049

Other assets
39,398

 
1,091

 

 
40,489

Total assets at fair value
$
381,155

 
$
1,878

 
$

 
$
383,033

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Securities sold, but not yet purchased:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mutual funds
$
9

 
$

 
$

 
$
9

Equity securities
130

 

 

 
130

Debt securities

 
48

 

 
48

Certificates of deposit

 
45

 

 
45

Total securities sold, but not yet purchased
139

 
93

 

 
232

Contingent consideration obligations

 

 
37,090

 
37,090

Total liabilities at fair value
$
139

 
$
93

 
$
37,090

 
$
37,322

Certain assets and liabilities are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value measurement in certain circumstances, for example, when evidence of impairment exists. During the six months ended June 30, 2013 , the Company recorded an asset impairment charge of $0.8 million for certain fixed assets related to internally developed software that were determined to have no estimated fair value (See Note 3 ). The Company has determined that the impairment qualifies as a non-recurring Level 3 measurement under the fair value hierarchy.

10


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The following table summarizes the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2012 (in thousands):
 
Quoted
Prices in
Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Fair Value
Measurements
At December 31, 2012:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
177,393

 
$

 
$

 
$
177,393

Securities owned — trading:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Money market funds
302

 

 

 
302

Mutual funds
5,737

 

 

 
5,737

Equity securities
414

 

 

 
414

Debt securities

 
235

 

 
235

U.S. treasury obligations
1,400

 

 

 
1,400

Total securities owned — trading
7,853

 
235

 

 
8,088

Other assets
28,624

 

 

 
28,624

Total assets at fair value
$
213,870

 
$
235

 
$

 
$
214,105

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Securities sold, but not yet purchased:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mutual funds
$
38

 
$

 
$

 
$
38

Equity securities
247

 

 

 
247

Debt securities

 
55

 

 
55

Certificates of deposit

 
26

 

 
26

Total securities sold, but not yet purchased
285

 
81

 

 
366

Contingent consideration obligations

 

 
35,887

 
35,887

Total liabilities at fair value
$
285

 
$
81

 
$
35,887

 
$
36,253

Changes in Level 3 Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The table below provides information on the valuation technique, significant unobservable inputs and the ranges utilized by the Company in measuring fair value on a recurring basis of the significant Level 3 liabilities as of June 30, 2013 (dollars in millions):
 
 
Fair Value
 
Valuation Technique
 
Unobservable Input
 
Range
Contingent consideration obligations
 
$
37.1

 
Probability weighted
discounted cash flow
 
Discount rate
 
3% - 13%
The Company determines the fair value for its contingent consideration obligations using an income approach whereby the Company assesses the probability and timing of the achievement of the applicable milestones, which are based on contractually negotiated financial or operating targets that vary by acquisition transaction, such as revenues, gross margin, EBITDA and assets under custody. The contingent payments are estimated using a probability weighted, multi-scenario analysis of expected future performance of the acquired businesses. The Company then discounts these expected payment amounts to calculate the fair value as of the valuation date. The Company's management evaluates the underlying projections and other related factors used in determining fair value each period and makes updates when there have been significant changes in management's expectations.
The principal significant unobservable input used in the valuations of the Company's contingent consideration obligations is a risk-adjusted discount rate. Whereas management's underlying projections adjust for market penetration and adoption rates, the discount rate is risk-adjusted for key factors such as advisor attrition, advisor recruitment, expenses and overhead costs, average client assets, revenue generation of client assets and credit

11


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


risk. An increase in the discount rate will result in a decrease in the fair value of contingent consideration. Conversely, a decrease in the discount rate will result in an increase in the fair value of contingent consideration.
The contingent consideration obligation related to the acquisition of NRP is based on the achievement of certain revenue-based targets for the year ending December 31, 2013 (the "Performance Measurement Period"), in aggregate for those advisors joining LPL Financial LLC ("LPL Financial") subsequent to the NRP acquisition for whom retirement plans comprise a significant part of their business. During the first six months of 2013, as a result of greater than expected recruitment of new advisors who serve retirement plans, which is expected to continue throughout the Performance Measurement Period, the Company revised its revenue estimates and made certain changes in the probability assumptions with respect to the likelihood of achieving the revenue targets. These revisions, combined with implied interest, resulted in a $4.7 million increase in the fair value of the contingent consideration obligation related to NRP during the six months ended June 30, 2013 which is recorded in other expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.
The contingent consideration obligation related to the acquisition of Concord is based on the achievement of targeted levels of gross margin attributed to Concord for the year ending December 31, 2013. Gross margin is calculated as net revenues less production expenses and accordingly, the Company considers gross margin to be a non-GAAP measure . Net revenue includes revenues attributed to Concord's business activities and assets under administration on Concord's software platform. Production expenses include all expenses directly incurred to generate net revenues, including commission and advisory expense and brokerage, clearing and exchange expense. During the first quarter of 2013, the Company revised its estimates of the amount and timing of projected 2013 gross margin and adjusted its assumptions regarding the likelihood of payment. The revisions resulted in a $3.8 million decrease in the fair value of the contingent consideration obligation related to Concord during the six months ended June 30, 2013 which is recorded in other expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. The maximum amount of contingent consideration is $15.0 million .
The contingent consideration obligation related to the acquisition of Veritat is based on the achievement of targeted levels of assets under management and earnings, as well as, the retention of key employees. The majority of the contingent consideration is based on a sliding scale of the financial targets of assets under management and earnings. Financial forecasts are used by management that include assumptions about growth in assets under management, earnings, employee retention and discount rates in order to assist with determining the progress toward these targets. The financial targets are sensitive to advisor recruitment, market fluctuations and the ability of advisors to grow their business. The Company maintained its original estimate for the contingent consideration obligation related to Veritat and therefore recorded implied interest of $0.3 million in other expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income during the six months ended June 30, 2013 .
Set forth below is a reconciliation of the contingent consideration for the six months ended June 30, 2013 (in thousands):
Fair value at December 31, 2012
$
35,887

Net changes in estimated fair value of contingent consideration obligations
1,203

Fair value at June 30, 2013
$
37,090


5 .    Held-to-Maturity Securities

The Company holds certain investments in securities including U.S. government notes, which are recorded at amortized cost because the Company has both the intent and the ability to hold these investments to maturity. Interest income is accrued as earned. Premiums and discounts are amortized using a method that approximates the effective yield method over the term of the security and are recorded as an adjustment to the investment yield. The Company discloses the fair value of its securities held-to-maturity using quoted prices in active markets, which is a Level 1 fair value measurement.


12


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The amortized cost, gross unrealized loss or gain and fair value of securities held-to-maturity were as follows (in thousands):
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized (Loss) Gain
 
Fair Value
At June 30, 2013:
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government notes
$
8,669

 
$
(41
)
 
$
8,628

 
 
 
 
 
 
At December 31, 2012:
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. government notes
$
10,202

 
$
6

 
$
10,208


At June 30, 2013 , the securities held-to-maturity were scheduled to mature as follows (in thousands):
 
Within one year
 
After one but within five years
 
After five but within ten years
 
Total
U.S. government notes — at amortized cost
$
5,424

 
$
2,745

 
$
500

 
$
8,669

U.S. government notes — at fair value
$
5,425

 
$
2,722

 
$
481

 
$
8,628


6 .    Intangible Assets
 
The components of intangible assets as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 are as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
Weighted
 Average Life 
Remaining
(in years)
 
Gross
 Carrying 
Value
 
 Accumulated 
Amortization
 
Net
 Carrying 
Value
At June 30, 2013:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Definite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advisor and financial institution relationships
12.3
 
$
439,762

 
$
(159,263
)
 
$
280,499

Product sponsor relationships
12.5
 
230,916

 
(82,490
)
 
148,426

Client relationships
10.6
 
19,110

 
(4,930
)
 
14,180

Trade names
8.8
 
1,200

 
(140
)
 
1,060

Total definite-lived intangible assets
 
 
$
690,988

 
$
(246,823
)
 
$
444,165

Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trademark and trade name
 
 
 
 
 
 
39,819

Total intangible assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
483,984

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At December 31, 2012:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Definite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advisor and financial institution relationships
12.8
 
$
450,164

 
$
(157,470
)
 
$
292,694

Product sponsor relationships
13.0
 
230,916

 
(76,230
)
 
154,686

Client relationships
11.1
 
19,110

 
(3,901
)
 
15,209

Trade names
9.3
 
1,200

 
(80
)
 
1,120

Total definite-lived intangible assets
 
 
$
701,390

 
$
(237,681
)
 
$
463,709

Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
 
 
 
 

 
 
Trademark and trade name
 
 
 
 
 
 
39,819

Total intangible assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
503,528



13


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Total amortization expense of intangible assets was $9.8 million and $10.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, and $19.5 million and $19.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively. Amortization expense for each of the fiscal years ending December 31, 2013 through 2017 and thereafter is estimated as follows (in thousands):
2013 — remainder
$
19,462

2014
38,680

2015
37,775

2016
37,619

2017
36,752

Thereafter
273,877

Total
$
444,165


7 .    Income Taxes
The Company’s effective income tax rate differs from the federal corporate tax rate of 35.0% , primarily as a result of state taxes, settlement contingencies and expenses that are not deductible for tax purposes. These items resulted in effective tax rates of 39.8% and 41.3% for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, and 39.7% and 39.9% for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively. Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes.

8 .    Indebtedness

Senior Secured Credit Facilities — On May 13, 2013, the Company entered into the First Amendment and Incremental Assumption Agreement (“Amended Credit Agreement ) with its wholly owned subsidiary, LPL Holdings, Inc., the other Credit Parties signatory thereto, the Several Lenders parties thereto, Bank of America, N.A. as Administrative Agent, and other parties thereto. The Amended Credit Agreement supplements and amends the Company ' s Credit Agreement, dated as of March 29, 2012 (“Previous Credit Agreement ).

The Previous Credit Agreement had established a Term Loan A with an initial principal amount of $735.0 million maturing on March 29, 2017 ("Term Loan A"), a Term Loan B with an initial principal amount of $615.0 million maturing on March 29, 2019 ("Prior Term Loan B") and a revolving credit facility with borrowing capacity of $250.0 million maturing on March 29, 2017 ("Revolving Credit Facility").

Quarterly repayments of the principal for Term Loan A were scheduled to be 5.0% for the twelve months ended March 31, 2014 and 10.0% for the twelve months ended March 31, 2015, 2016 and 2017 ( Mandatory Amortization ), with the remaining principal due upon maturity.

Pursuant to the Amended Credit Agreement, the Company amended Prior Term Loan B to increase its borrowing to an aggregate principal amount of $1,083.9 million ( Amended Term Loan B ). On May 13, 2013, the Company used the proceeds of Amended Term Loan B to (i) refinance the remaining outstanding balance of $608.9 million on Prior Term Loan B and (ii) repay a portion of the outstanding balance on Term Loan A in an aggregate principal amount of $238.9 million ( Term Loan A Repayment ). The remaining loan proceeds are available for working capital requirements and other general corporate purposes. The maturity date of Amended Term Loan B is March 29, 2019. The amount and maturity of the Revolving Credit Facility was not changed in the Amended Credit Agreement.

The Term Loan A Repayment prepaid the Mandatory Amortization. Quarterly repayments of the principal for Amended Term Loan B will total 1.0% per year with the remaining principal due upon maturity. Any outstanding principal under the Revolving Credit Facility will be due upon maturity.

In connection with the execution of the Amended Credit Agreement, the Company incurred $7.4 million in costs that are capitalized as debt issuance costs in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of financial condition. This refinancing resulted in the prepayment of all outstanding principal borrowings on Prior Term Loan B.

14


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The Company accelerated the recognition of $8.0 million of unamortized costs attributable to Prior Term Loan B related to the Previous Credit Agreement. This accelerated recognition has been recorded as a loss on extinguishment of debt within the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013.

The Amended Credit Agreement subjects the Company to certain financial and non-financial covenants. As of June 30, 2013 , the Company was in compliance with such covenants.

As of June 30, 2013 , the Revolving Credit Facility was being used to support the issuance of $21.4 million of irrevocable letters of credit for the construction of the Company's future San Diego office building and other items. The remaining $228.6 million was undrawn at June 30, 2013 .

Borrowings under Term Loan A and Amended Term Loan B bear interest at a base rate equal to either one, two, three, six, nine or twelve-month LIBOR (the "Eurodollar Rate") plus the applicable margin, or an alternative base rate (“ABR”) plus the applicable margin. The ABR is equal to the greatest of (a) the prime rate in effect on such day, (b) the effective federal funds rate in effect on such day plus 0.50% , (c) the Eurodollar Rate plus 1.00% and (d) solely in the case of Amended Term Loan B, 1.75% . The Company may voluntarily repay outstanding loans under its Amended Credit Agreement at any time without premium or penalty, other than customary breakage costs with respect to LIBOR loans and with the exception of certain repricing transactions in respect of Amended Term Loan B consummated before November 13, 2013, which will be subject to a premium of 1.0% of the principal amount of Amended Term Loan B subject to such repricing transaction .

Borrowings under Prior Term Loan B bore interest at a base rate equal to either the Eurodollar Rate plus the applicable margin or an ABR plus the applicable margin. The ABR was equal to the greatest of (a) the prime rate in effect on such day, (b) the effective federal funds rate in effect on such day plus 0.50% , (c) the Eurodollar Rate plus 1.00% and (d) 2.00% .

The applicable margin for borrowings with respect to both Term Loan A and Amended Term Loan B is currently 1.50% for base rate borrowings and 2.50% for LIBOR borrowings. The LIBOR rate with respect to Amended Term Loan B shall in no event be less than 0.75% . The applicable margin for borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility is currently 1.50% for base rate borrowings and 2.50% for LIBOR borrowings with a commitment fee of 0.50% .

The applicable margin for borrowings under the Previous Credit Agreement with respect to Prior Term Loan B was 2.00% for base rate borrowings and 3.00% for LIBOR borrowings. The LIBOR rate with respect to Prior Term Loan B had a floor of 1.00% .

The Previous Credit Agreement, dated as of March 29, 2012, allowed the Company to repay all outstanding principal borrowings under the Company ' s Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of May 24, 2010 ("Original Credit Agreement"). Accordingly, in the first quarter of 2012, the Company accelerated the recognition of $16.5 million of debt issuance costs related to borrowings under the Original Credit Agreement, which has been recorded as loss on extinguishment of debt within the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income.

15


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The Company’s outstanding borrowings were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
 
December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
Maturity
 
 
Balance
 
Interest
Rate    
 
 
 
Balance
 
Interest
Rate    
 
Senior secured term loans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Term Loan A
3/29/2017
 
$
459,375

 
2.70
%
(1)
 
$
707,438

 
2.71
%
(3)
Prior Term Loan B
3/29/2019
 

 
%
 
 
610,387

 
4.00
%
(4)
Amended Term Loan B
3/29/2019
 
1,081,140

 
3.25
%
(2)
 

 
%
 
Total borrowings
 
 
1,540,515

 
 
 
 
1,317,825

 
 
 
Less current borrowings (maturities within 12 months)
 
 
10,839

 
 
 
 
42,900

 
 
 
Long-term borrowings — net of current portion
 
 
$
1,529,676

 
 
 
 
$
1,274,925

 
 
 
____________
(1)
As of June 30, 2013 , the variable interest rate for Term Loan A is based on the one-month LIBOR of 0.20% , plus the applicable interest rate margin of 2.50% .
(2)
As of June 30, 2013 , the variable interest rate for Amended Term Loan B is based on fifty percent of the outstanding loan balance with interest calculated at the greater of the three-month LIBOR of 0.28% or 0.75% , plus the applicable interest rate margin of 2.50% ; and fifty percent of the outstanding loan balance with interest calculated at the greater of the six-month LIBOR of 0.42% or 0.75% , plus the applicable interest rate margin of 2.50% .
(3)
As of December 31, 2012 , the variable interest rate for Term Loan A is based on the one-month LIBOR of 0.21% , plus the applicable interest rate margin of 2.50% .
(4)
As of December 31, 2012 , the variable interest rate for Prior Term Loan B is based on the greater of the one-month LIBOR of 0.21% or 1.00% , plus the applicable interest rate margin of 3.00% .
Bank Loans Payable — The Company maintains three uncommitted lines of credit. Two of the lines have unspecified limits, which are primarily dependent on the Company’s ability to provide sufficient collateral. The other line had a $200.0 million and $150.0 million limit at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 , respectively, and allows for both collateralized and uncollateralized borrowings. Both lines were utilized in 2013 and 2012 ; however, there were no balances outstanding at June 30, 2013 or December 31, 2012 .

The following summarizes borrowing activity in the revolving and uncommitted line of credit facilities (dollars in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Average balance outstanding
$
1,424

 
$
289

 
$
6,915

 
$
211

Weighted-average interest rate
1.83
%
 
1.70
%
 
1.81
%
 
1.56
%


16


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The minimum calendar year payments and maturities of the senior secured borrowings as of June 30, 2013 are as follows (in thousands):
2013 — remainder
$
5,419

2014
10,838

2015
10,838

2016
10,838

2017
470,214

Thereafter
1,032,368

Total
$
1,540,515


9 .    Commitments and Contingencies
Leases  — The Company leases certain office space and equipment under various operating leases. These leases are generally subject to scheduled base rent and maintenance cost increases, which are recognized on a straight-line basis over the period of the leases. Total rental expense for all operating leases was approximately $5.0 million and $4.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, and $10.0 million and $9.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively.
Service Contracts  — The Company is party to certain long-term contracts for systems and services that enable back office trade processing and clearing for its product and service offerings.
Future minimum payments under leases, lease commitments, service contracts and other contractual obligations with remaining terms greater than one year as of June 30, 2013 , are as follows (in thousands):
2013 — remainder
$
9,634

2014
37,869

2015
36,618

2016
35,818

2017
28,737

Thereafter
261,098

Total(1)(2)
$
409,774

_________________
(1)
In June 2013, LPL Financial entered into a long-term contractual obligation with a third-party service provider to enhance the quality, speed and cost of processes that support the Company by outsourcing certain functions. The table above includes the minimum payments due over the duration of the contract. The contractual obligation may be canceled, subject to a termination penalty that is approximately equal to the initial annual minimum payment. The termination penalty steps down ratably through the passage of time. Minimum payments have not been reduced by this termination penalty.
 
(2)
Minimum payments have not been reduced by minimum sublease rental income of $4.4 million due in the future under noncancellable subleases.
Guarantees  — The Company occasionally enters into certain types of contracts that contingently require it to indemnify certain parties against third-party claims. The terms of these obligations vary and, because a maximum obligation is not explicitly stated, the Company has determined that it is not possible to make an estimate of the amount that it could be obligated to pay under such contracts.
The Company’s subsidiary, LPL Financial, provides guarantees to securities clearing houses and exchanges under their standard membership agreements, which require a member to guarantee the performance of other members. Under these agreements, if a member becomes unable to satisfy its obligations to the clearing houses and exchanges, all other members would be required to meet any shortfall. The Company’s liability under these arrangements is not quantifiable and may exceed the cash and securities it has posted as collateral. However, the potential requirement for the Company to make payments under these agreements is remote. Accordingly, no liability has been recognized for these transactions.
Loan Commitments  — From time to time, LPL Financial makes loans to its advisors which may be forgivable, primarily to newly recruited advisors to assist in the transition process. Due to timing differences, LPL

17


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Financial may make commitments to issue such loans prior to actually funding them. These commitments are generally contingent upon certain events occurring, including but not limited to the advisor joining LPL Financial. LPL Financial had no significant unfunded commitments at June 30, 2013 .
Legal Proceedings
The Company is involved in legal proceedings from time to time arising out of its business operations, including arbitrations and lawsuits involving private claimants, and subpoenas, investigations and other actions by government authorities and self-regulatory organizations. In view of the inherent difficulty of predicting the outcome of such matters, particularly in cases in which claimants seek substantial or indeterminate damages, the Company cannot predict with certainty what the eventual loss or range of loss related to such matters will be. The Company recognizes a liability with regard to a legal proceeding when it believes it is probable a liability has occurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. If some amount within a range of loss appears at the time to be a better estimate than any other amount within the range, the Company accrues that amount. When no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount, however, the Company accrues the minimum amount in the range. The Company maintains insurance coverage, including general liability, errors and omissions, excess entity errors and omissions and fidelity bond insurance. The Company records legal reserves and related insurance recoveries on a gross basis.
Defense costs with regard to legal proceedings are expensed as incurred and classified as professional services within the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. When there is indemnification or insurance, the Company may engage in defense or settlement and subsequently seek reimbursement for such matters.
Litigation  — Claims involving client complaints or disclosures about risks related to purchased securities or other financial products are typically arbitrated pursuant to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority's ("FINRA") procedures for arbitration rather than litigated in court. In an arbitration, neutral third parties review evidence in the form of documents and testimony, listen to arguments and render a decision on the disputed matter. Through arbitration, the opportunity for appeal is foregone in virtually all matters as the decisions are final and binding.
The Company maintains insurance coverage for client claims. With respect to these matters, the estimated losses on the majority of pending matters are less than the applicable deductibles of the insurance policies. The Company believes, based on the information available at this time, after consultation with counsel, consideration of insurance, if any, and indemnifications provided by the third-party indemnitors, if any, that the outcomes of matters with estimated losses in excess of applicable deductibles will not have a material impact on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income, financial condition or cash flows.
Regulatory — In July 2012, the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) issued a Notice of Proposed Adjustment (the “Notice”) asserting that the Company is subject to a penalty with respect to an alleged untimely deposit of withholding taxes related to the exercise of certain non-qualified stock options in connection with the Company's initial public offering in 2010. In 2012, the Company recorded an estimate of probable loss within accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of financial condition. During the first quarter of 2013, the IRS issued a Summary of Employment Tax Examination (the "Summary") and the Company remitted payment which approximated amounts previously accrued in accordance with the Summary. The Company is awaiting final consent of resolution from the IRS. The Company believes the outcome of this matter will not have a material impact beyond the amounts recorded to its unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income, financial condition or cash flows.
In June of 2013, the Company reached an agreement with its principal regulator to resolve a matter related to email surveillance and production. During the first quarter of 2013, the Company recorded an estimate of a probable loss within professional services and accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income and financial condition, respectively. The outcome of this matter did not differ materially from the amount recorded in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income, financial condition or cash flows as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013.
Other Commitments  — As of June 30, 2013 , the Company had received collateral primarily in connection with client margin loans with a market value of approximately $331.0 million , which it can sell, re-pledge or loan. Of this amount, approximately $24.8 million was pledged with client-owned securities to the Options Clearing

18


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Corporation ("OCC") as collateral to secure client obligations related to options positions. Additionally, approximately $132.9 million are held at banks in connection with unutilized secured margin lines of credit; these securities may be used as collateral for loans from these banks. The remainder of $173.3 million has not been re-pledged, loaned or sold, and as of June 30, 2013 there are no restrictions that materially limit the Company's ability to re-pledge, loan or sell the remaining $306.2 million of client collateral. In May 2013, the Company ended its participation in the National Securities Clearing Corporation ("NSCC") Stock Borrow Program and all pledged collateral was returned to the Company.
As of December 31, 2012 , the Company had received collateral primarily in connection with client margin loans with a market value of approximately $375.8 million , which it can sell, re-pledge or loan. Of this amount, approximately $41.5 million has been pledged or loaned as of December 31, 2012 ; $22.2 million was pledged with client-owned securities to the OCC as collateral to secure client obligations related to options positions, and $19.3 million was loaned to the NSCC through participation in its Stock Borrow Program. Additionally, approximately $40.3 million are held at banks in connection with unutilized secured margin lines of credit; these securities may be used as collateral for loans from these banks. The remainder of $294.0 million had not been re-pledged, loaned or sold, and as of December 31, 2012 there are no restrictions that materially limited the Company's ability to re-pledge, loan or sell the remaining $334.3 million of client collateral.
Trading securities on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of financial condition includes $0.9 million pledged to clearing organizations at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 , respectively.
LPL Financial provides brokerage, clearing and custody services on a fully disclosed basis; offers its investment advisory programs and platforms; and provides technology and additional processing and related services to the advisors of the broker-dealer subsidiary of a large global insurance company and their clients under a multi-year agreement. Termination fees may be payable by a terminating or breaching party depending on the specific cause of termination.

10 .    Stockholders' Equity
Stock Plan Summary
On November 17, 2010, the Company adopted a 2010 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the "2010 Plan"), which provides for the granting of stock options, warrants, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units. The 2010 Plan serves as the successor to the 2005 Stock Option Plan for Incentive Stock Options, the 2005 Stock Option Plan for Non-qualified Stock Options, the 2008 Advisor and Institution Incentive Plan, the 2008 Stock Option Plan and the Director Restricted Stock Plan (the "Predecessor Plans"). Upon adoption of the 2010 Plan, awards were no longer made under the Predecessor Plans. To the extent not already exercised, awards previously granted under the Predecessor Plans remain outstanding. Stock options granted under the 2010 Plan are either incentive stock options, or non-qualified stock options, as defined in the 2010 Plan. The Company has issued new shares under the 2010 Plan and is also permitted to reissue treasury shares.
Under the 2010 Plan, the Company may grant up to 12.1 million new shares in addition to the shares available for grant under the Predecessor Plans. As of June 30, 2013 , the Company had approximately 6.7 million of authorized unissued shares reserved for issuance upon exercise and conversion of outstanding awards.
Stock Options and Warrants
The Company grants stock options to certain employees, advisors, officers and non-employee directors. The Company has also granted warrants to certain financial institutions. Stock options and warrants generally vest in equal increments over a three- to five-year period and expire on the tenth anniversary following the date of grant.
The Company recognizes share-based compensation for stock options awarded to employees, officers and directors based on the grant date fair value over the requisite service period of the award, which generally equals the vesting period. The Company recognized share-based compensation related to the vesting of these awards of $3.8 million and $4.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, and $7.3 million and $8.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, which is included in compensation and benefits on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. As of June 30, 2013 , total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested share-based compensation arrangements granted to employees, officers and directors was $37.2 million , which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.41 years.

19


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The Company recognizes share-based compensation for stock options and warrants awarded to its advisors and financial institutions based on the fair value of the awards at each interim reporting period. The Company recognized share-based compensation of $2.4 million and $0.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, and $4.3 million and $2.8 million for during the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, related to the vesting of stock options and warrants awarded to its advisors and financial institutions, which is classified within commission and advisory expense on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. As of June 30, 2013 , total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested share-based compensation arrangements granted to advisors and financial institutions was $17.7 million , which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.39 years.
Restricted Stock
The Company recognizes share-based compensation for restricted stock awards and restricted stock units granted to its employees, officers and directors by measuring such awards at their grant date fair value. Share-based compensation is recognized ratably over the requisite service period, which generally equals the vesting period. The Company recognized $0.6 million and $0.2 million of share-based compensation related to the vesting of restricted stock awards and restricted stock units during the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, and $1.0 million and $0.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, which is included in compensation and benefits on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income. As of June 30, 2013 , total unrecognized compensation cost for restricted stock awards and restricted stock units granted to employees, officers and directors was $5.8 million , which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average remaining period of 1.68 years.
2008 Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan
On November 19, 2008, the Company established an unfunded, unsecured deferred compensation plan to permit employees and former employees who held non-qualified stock options issued under the 2005 Stock Option Plan for Incentive Stock Options and 2005 Stock Option Plan for Non-qualified Stock Options that were set to expire in 2009 and 2010, to receive stock units under the Deferred Compensation Plan. On February 22, 2012, the Company distributed 1,673,556 shares, net of shares withheld to satisfy withholding tax requirements, pursuant to the terms of the Deferred Compensation Plan. Distributions to participants were made in the form of whole shares of common stock equal to the number of stock units allocated to the participant's account, with fractional shares paid out in cash. Participants authorized the Company to withhold shares from their distribution of common stock to satisfy their withholding tax obligations. Accordingly on February 22, 2012, the Company repurchased 1,149,896 shares and paid $37.5 million of cash consideration related to tax withholdings. The repurchase of shares was executed under the share repurchase program approved by the Board of Directors on August 16, 2011.
Share Repurchases
The Board of Directors has approved several share repurchase programs pursuant to which the Company may repurchase its issued and outstanding shares of common stock from time to time. Repurchased shares are included in treasury stock on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of financial condition. Purchases may be effected in open market or privately negotiated transactions, including transactions with affiliates, with the timing of purchases and the amount of stock purchased generally determined at the discretion of the Company's management.
On May 29, 2013, a new share repurchase plan was approved for the repurchase up to $200.0 million in addition to the remaining capacity available under previous plans was approved. For the three months ended June 30, 2013, 1,428,576 shares were repurchased at a weighted average price of $36.99 per share for a total cost of $52.8 million . For the six months ended June 30, 2013, 1,583,865 shares were repurchased at a weighted average price of $36.47 per share for a total cost of $57.8 million . The share repurchases in 2013 have been made pursuant to a repurchase plan authorized in September of 2012. At June 30, 2013 the Company had $29.2 million available for repurchases under its September 2012 plan and $200.0 million available under the May 2013 plan.

20


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Dividends
The payment, timing and amount of any dividends permitted under our credit facilities are subject to approval by our Board of Directors, including both timing and amount. Cash dividends per share of common stock and total cash dividends paid during each quarter were as follows (in millions, except per share data):
 
2013
 
2012
 
Dividend per Share
 
Total Cash Dividend
 
Dividend per Share
 
Total Cash Dividend
First quarter
$
0.135

 
$
14.4

 
$

 
$

Second quarter
0.135

 
14.4

 
2.00

 
222.6

11 .    Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. The computation of diluted earnings per share is similar to the computation of basic earnings per share, except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential shares of common stock had been issued. The calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 is as follows (in thousands, except per share data):
 
For the Three
Months Ended
June 30,
 
For the Six
Months Ended
June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net income
$
45,091

 
$
39,502

 
$
99,808

 
$
80,681

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic weighted average number of shares outstanding
106,414

 
110,820

 
106,381

 
109,888

Dilutive common share equivalents
1,281

 
2,014

 
1,084

 
2,791

Diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding
107,695

 
112,834

 
107,465

 
112,679

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.42

 
$
0.36

 
$
0.94

 
$
0.73

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.42

 
$
0.35

 
$
0.93

 
$
0.72


The computation of diluted earnings per share excludes stock options, warrants and restricted stock units that are anti-dilutive. For the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , stock options, warrants and restricted stock units representing common share equivalents of 3,864,493 shares and 3,796,356 shares, respectively, were anti-dilutive. For the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , stock options, warrants and restricted stock units representing common share equivalents of 4,689,047 shares and 3,558,814 shares, respectively, were anti-dilutive.

12 .    Related Party Transactions

One of the Company’s significant stockholders owns a minority interest in Artisan Partners Limited Partnership (“Artisan”), which pays fees in exchange for product distribution and record-keeping services. During the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , the Company earned $1.9 million and $1.7 million , respectively, in fees from Artisan. Additionally, as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 , Artisan owed the Company $1.0 million and $0.8 million , respectively, which is included in receivables from product sponsors, broker-dealers and clearing organizations on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of financial condition.

American Beacon Advisor, Inc. (“American Beacon”), a company majority-owned by one of the Company’s significant stockholders, pays fees in exchange for product distribution and record-keeping services. During the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , the Company earned $0.3 million and $0.2 million , respectively, in fees from American Beacon.


21


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


One of the Company's significant stockholders owns a minority interest in XOJET, Inc. ("XOJET"), which provides chartered aircraft services. The Company paid $0.5 million to XOJET during the six months ended June 30, 2012.

Aplifi, Inc. ("Aplifi"), a privately held technology company in which the Company holds an equity interest, provides software licensing for annuity order entry and compliance. The Company paid $0.8 million and $0.5 million to Aplifi for such services during the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 , respectively.

Certain entities affiliated with SunGard Data Systems Inc. ("SunGard"), a company minority-owned by one of the Company's significant stockholders, provide data center recovery services. The Company paid $0.2 million to SunGard during the six months ended June 30, 2013 .

One of the Company's stockholders, TPG Capital ("TPG") provided the Company with consulting services. During the six months ended June 30, 2012, the Company paid $0.2 million to TPG.

13 .    Net Capital and Regulatory Requirements
The Company operates in a highly regulated industry. Applicable laws and regulations restrict permissible activities and investments and require compliance with various financial and customer-related regulations. The consequences of noncompliance can include substantial monetary and non-monetary sanctions. In addition, the Company is also subject to comprehensive examinations and supervision by various governmental and self-regulatory agencies. These regulatory agencies generally have broad discretion to prescribe greater limitations on the operations of a regulated entity for the protection of investors or public interest. Furthermore, where the agencies determine that such operations are unsafe or unsound, fail to comply with applicable law, or are otherwise inconsistent with the laws and regulations or with the supervisory policies, greater restrictions may be imposed.
The Company’s registered broker-dealer, LPL Financial, is subject to the SEC’s Uniform Net Capital Rule (Rule 15c3-1 under the Exchange Act), which requires the maintenance of minimum net capital, as defined. Net capital and the related net capital requirement may fluctuate on a daily basis. LPL Financial is a clearing broker-dealer and had net capital of $181.1 million with a minimum net capital requirement of $6.0 million and net capital in excess of the minimum requirement of $175.1 million as of June 30, 2013 .
The Company's subsidiary, The Private Trust Company N.A. ("PTC"), operates in a highly regulated industry and is subject to various regulatory capital requirements. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory and possible additional discretionary actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have substantial monetary and non-monetary impacts to PTC's operations.
As of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 , LPL Financial and PTC met all capital adequacy requirements to which they are subject.

14 .    Financial Instruments with Off-Balance-Sheet Credit Risk and Concentrations of Credit Risk
LPL Financial’s client securities activities are transacted on either a cash or margin basis. In margin transactions, LPL Financial extends credit to the advisor's client, subject to various regulatory and internal margin requirements, collateralized by cash and securities in the client’s account. As clients write options contracts or sell securities short, LPL Financial may incur losses if the clients do not fulfill their obligations and the collateral in the clients’ accounts is not sufficient to fully cover losses that clients may incur from these strategies. To control this risk, LPL Financial monitors margin levels daily and clients are required to deposit additional collateral, or reduce positions, when necessary.
LPL Financial is obligated to settle transactions with brokers and other financial institutions even if its advisors' clients fail to meet their obligation to LPL Financial. Clients are required to complete their transactions on the settlement date, generally three business days after the trade date. If clients do not fulfill their contractual obligations, LPL Financial may incur losses. In addition, the Company occasionally enters into certain types of contracts to fulfill its sale of when, as, and if issued securities. When, as, and if issued securities have been authorized but are contingent upon the actual issuance of the security. LPL Financial has established procedures to reduce this risk by generally requiring that clients deposit cash and/or securities into their account prior to placing an order.

22


LPL FINANCIAL HOLDINGS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


LPL Financial may at times hold equity securities on both a long and short basis that are recorded on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of financial condition at market value. While long inventory positions represent LPL Financial’s ownership of securities, short inventory positions represent obligations of LPL Financial to deliver specified securities at a contracted price, which may differ from market prices prevailing at the time of completion of the transaction. Accordingly, both long and short inventory positions may result in losses or gains to LPL Financial as market values of securities fluctuate. To mitigate the risk of losses, long and short positions are marked-to-market daily and are continuously monitored by LPL Financial.

15 .    Subsequent Event

On July 30, 2013, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.19 pe r share on the Company's outstanding common stock to be paid on August 30, 2013 to all stockholders of record on August 15, 2013 .

******

23


Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Overview

We are the nation's largest independent broker-dealer, a top custodian for registered investment advisors ("RIAs"), and a leading independent consultant to retirement plans. We provide an integrated platform of brokerage and investment advisory services to more than 13,400 independent financial advisors and financial advisors at approximately 700 financial institutions (our "advisors") across the country, enabling them to provide their retail investors (their "clients") with objective, conflict-free financial advice. We also support approximately 4,600 financial advisors who are affiliated and licensed with insurance companies with customized clearing, advisory platforms and technology solutions.

In addition, through our subsidiary companies, we support a diverse client base. Fortigent Holdings Company, Inc., through its subsidiaries, is a leading provider of consulting services and solutions to RIAs, banks and trust companies servicing high net worth clients, while The Private Trust Company N.A. manages trusts and family assets for high net worth clients in all 50 states.

Our singular focus is to provide our advisors with the front-, middle- and back-office support they need to serve the large and growing market for independent investment advice. We believe we are the only company that offers advisors the unique combination of an integrated technology platform, comprehensive self-clearing services and open-architecture access to leading financial products, all delivered in an environment unencumbered by conflicts from product manufacturing, underwriting or market making.
For over 20 years, we have served the independent advisor market. We currently support the largest independent advisor base and we believe we have the fourth largest overall advisor base in the United States based on the information available as of the date this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q was issued. Through our advisors, we are also one of the largest distributors of financial products in the United States. Our scale is a substantial competitive advantage and enables us to more effectively attract and retain advisors. Our unique business model allows us to invest in more resources for our advisors, increasing their revenues and creating a virtuous cycle of growth. We have approximately 3,000  employees with primary offices in Boston, Charlotte and San Diego.

Our Sources of Revenue

Our revenues are derived primarily from fees and commissions from products and advisory services offered by our advisors to their clients, a substantial portion of which we pay out to our advisors, as well as fees we receive from our advisors for the use of our technology, custody, clearing, trust and reporting platforms. We also generate asset-based revenues through the distribution of financial products for a broad range of product manufacturers. Under our self-clearing platform, we custody the majority of client assets invested in these financial products, which includes providing statements, transaction processing and ongoing account management. In return for these services, mutual funds, insurance companies, banks and other financial product manufacturers pay us fees based on asset levels or number of accounts managed. We also earn interest from margin loans made to our advisors’ clients.

We track recurring revenue, a characterization of net revenue and a statistical measure, which we define to include our revenues from asset-based fees, advisory fees, trailing commissions, cash sweep programs and certain other fees that are based upon accounts and advisors. Because certain recurring revenues are associated with asset balances, they will fluctuate depending on the market value of the asset balances and current interest rates. These asset balances, specifically related to advisory fee revenues and asset-based revenues, have approximately a 60% correlation to market fluctuations. Accordingly, recurring revenue can be negatively impacted by adverse external market conditions. However, recurring revenue is meaningful to us despite these fluctuations because it is not based on transaction volumes or other activity-based revenues, which are more difficult to predict, particularly in declining or volatile markets.


24


The table below summarizes the sources of our revenue, the primary drivers of each revenue source and the percentage of each revenue source that represents recurring revenue, a characterization of revenue and a statistical measure:
 
 
 
For the Six Months Ended
June 30, 2013
 
Sources of Revenue
Primary Drivers
Total
(millions)
% of Total Net Revenue
% Recurring
Advisor-driven revenue with ~85%-90% payout ratio
Commission
- Transactions
- Brokerage asset levels
$994
50%
40%
Advisory
- Asset levels in custodied advisory programs
$579
29%
99%
Attachment revenue
 retained by us
Asset-Based
- Cash Sweep Fees
- Sponsorship Fees
- Record Keeping
- Cash balances
- Interest rates
- Client asset levels
- Number of accounts

$211
11%
99%
Transaction and Other
- Transactions
- Client (Investor) Accounts
- Advisor Seat and Technology
- Client activity
- Number of clients
- Number of advisors
- Number of accounts
- Premium technology subscribers
$178
9%
64%
Interest and Other Revenue
- Margin accounts
- Alternative investment transactions
$32
1%
35%
 
Total Net Revenue
$1,994
100%
66%
 
Total Recurring Revenue
 
66%
 

Commission and Advisory Revenues.   Commission and advisory revenues both represent advisor-generated revenue, generally 85-90% of which is paid to advisors.

Commission Revenues.   We generate two types of commission revenues: front-end sales commissions that occur at the point of sale and trailing commissions. Transaction-based commission revenues primarily represent gross commissions generated by our advisors, primarily from commissions earned on the sale of various financial products such as mutual funds, variable and fixed annuities, alternative investments, general securities, fixed income, insurance, group annuities and options and commodities. The levels of transaction-based commissions can vary from period to period based on the overall economic environment, number of trading days in the reporting period and investment activity of our advisors' clients. We earn trailing commission revenues (a commission that is paid over time, such as 12(b)-1 fees) on mutual funds and variable annuities held by clients of our advisors. Trailing commissions are recurring in nature and are earned based on the current market value of investment holdings in trail-eligible assets.

Advisory Revenues.   Advisory revenues represent fees charged on our corporate RIA platform provided through LPL Financial LLC ("LPL Financial") to clients of our advisors based on the value of advisory assets. Advisory fees are typically billed to clients quarterly, in advance, and are recognized as revenue ratably during the quarter. The value of the assets in the advisory account on the billing date determines the amount billed, and accordingly, the revenues earned in the following three month period. The majority of our accounts are billed using values as of the last business day of each calendar quarter. Generally, the advisory revenues collected on our corporate RIA platform range from 0.5% to 3.0% of the underlying assets.


25


In addition, we support independent RIAs who conduct their advisory business through separate entities by establishing their own RIA ("Independent RIAs") pursuant to the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, rather than through LPL Financial. The assets held under these investment advisory accounts custodied with LPL Financial are included in our advisory and brokerage assets, net new advisory assets and advisory assets under custody metrics. The advisory revenue generated by an Independent RIA is earned by the Independent RIA, and accordingly is not included in our advisory revenue. However, we charge administrative fees to Independent RIAs including custody and clearing fees, based on the value of assets within these advisory accounts. The administrative fees collected on our Independent RIA platform vary, and can reach a maximum of 0.6% of the underlying assets.

Furthermore, we support certain financial advisors at broker-dealers affiliated with insurance companies through our customized advisory platforms and charge fees to these advisors based on the value of assets within these advisory accounts.

Asset-Based Revenues.   Asset-based revenues are comprised of fees from cash sweep programs, our sponsorship programs with financial product manufacturers, and omnibus processing and networking services. Pursuant to contractual arrangements, uninvested cash balances in our advisors’ client accounts are swept into either insured deposit accounts at various banks or third-party money market funds, for which we receive fees, including administrative and record-keeping fees based on account type and the invested balances. In addition, we receive fees from certain financial product manufacturers in connection with sponsorship programs that support our marketing and sales-force education and training efforts. Our omnibus processing and networking revenues represent fees paid to us in exchange for administrative and record-keeping services that we provide to clients of our advisors. Omnibus processing revenues are paid to us by mutual fund product sponsors and based upon the value of custodied assets in advisory accounts and the number of brokerage accounts in which the related mutual fund positions are held. Networking revenues on brokerage assets are correlated to the number of positions we administer and are paid to us by mutual fund and annuity product manufacturers.

Transaction and Other Revenues.   Revenues earned from transactions and other services provided primarily consist of transaction fees and ticket charges, subscription fees, Individual Retirement Account ("IRA") custodian fees, contract and license fees, conference fees and other client account fees. We charge fees to our advisors and their clients for executing certain transactions in brokerage and fee-based advisory accounts. We earn subscription fees for various services provided to our advisors and on IRA custodial services that we provide for their client accounts. We charge monthly administrative fees to our advisors and fees to advisors who subscribe to our reporting services. We charge fees to financial product manufacturers for participating in our training and marketing conferences. In addition, we host certain advisor conferences that serve as training, sales and marketing events, for which we charge an attendance fee.

Other Revenue.   Other revenue includes marketing re-allowance fees from certain financial product manufacturers, primarily those who offer alternative investments, mark-to-market gains or losses on assets held by us for the advisors' non-qualified deferred compensation plan and our model portfolios, revenues from our retirement partner program, as well as interest income from client margin accounts and cash equivalents, net of operating interest expense and other items.

Our Operating Expenses

Production Expenses.   Production expenses are comprised of the following: base payout amounts that are earned by and paid out to advisors based on commission and advisory revenues earned on each client's account (collectively, commission and advisory revenues earned are referred to as gross dealer concessions, or "GDC"); production bonuses earned by advisors based on the levels of commission and advisory revenues they produce; the recognition of share-based compensation expense from stock options and warrants granted to advisors and financial institutions based on the fair value of the awards at each interim reporting period; a mark-to-market gain or loss on amounts designated by advisors as deferred commissions in a non-qualified deferred compensation plan at each interim reporting period; and brokerage, clearing and exchange fees. Our production payout ratio is calculated as production expenses excluding brokerage, clearing and exchange fees, divided by GDC.


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We characterize components of production payout, which consists of all production expenses except brokerage, clearing and exchange fees, as either GDC sensitive or non-GDC sensitive. Base payout amounts and production bonuses earned by and paid to advisors are characterized as GDC sensitive because they are variable and highly correlated to the level of our commission and advisory revenues in a particular reporting period. Payout characterized as non-GDC sensitive includes share-based compensation expense from stock options and warrants granted to advisors and financial institutions based on the fair value of the awards at each interim reporting period, and mark-to-market gains or losses on amounts designated by advisors as deferred commissions in a non-qualified deferred compensation plan. Non-GDC sensitive payout is correlated to market movement as well as to the value of our stock. We believe that discussion of production payout, viewed in addition to, and not in lieu of, our production expenses, provides useful information to investors regarding our payouts to advisors.

The following table illustrates production expenses and production payout as components of our payout ratio for the six months ended June 30, 2013 :
Base payout rate
83.97
%
Production based bonuses
2.10
%
GDC sensitive payout
86.07
%
Non-GDC sensitive payout
0.45
%
Total Payout Ratio
86.52
%
________________________________
See "Results of Operations" for the comparative 2012 period's analysis of production payout ratio.

Compensation and Benefits Expense.   Compensation and benefits expense includes salaries and wages and related employee benefits and taxes for our employees (including share-based compensation), as well as compensation for temporary employees and consultants.

Genera